Related Rule
Kazakhstan
Practice Relating to Rule 45. Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
Under Kazakhstan’s Penal Code (1997), “ecocide”, namely “mass destruction of the fauna or flora, pollution of the atmosphere, agricultural or water resources, as well as other acts which have caused or are capable of causing an ecological catastrophe”, constitutes a crime against the peace and security of mankind. 
Kazakhstan, Penal Code, 1997, Article 161.