Republic of Korea
Practice Relating to Rule 7. The Principle of Distinction between Civilian Objects and Military Objectives
According to the Report on the Practice of the Republic of Korea, it is the Republic of Korea’s opinio juris
that the distinction between civilian objects and military objectives is part of customary international law.
The Republic of Korea’s Military Law Manual (1996) provides that only military objectives may be attacked.
The Republic of Korea’s ICC Act (2007) provides for the punishment of anyone who commits the war crime of “[d]irecting attacks against civilian objects” in both international and non-international armed conflicts.
Acts constituting the crime of Genocide perpetrated against Tutsi and other crimes against humanity within the jurisdiction of Mediation Committee
Notwithstanding of the value of the subject matter and the address of the parties to proceedings, offences related to looting and damaging of property committed between October 1, 1990 and December 31, 1994, which were within the jurisdiction of Gacaca Courts shall be tried by the Mediation Committees applying laws governing these committees regardless that they were committed by civilians, gendarmes or soldiers. Offenders shall be ordered to pay compensation.
In 1996, during a debate in the UN Security Council on the situation in Lebanon, the Republic of Korea called upon both parties to the conflict to cease targeting areas populated by civilians.