Related Rule
Cambodia
Practice Relating to Rule 158. Prosecution of War Crimes
Section A. General
The express purpose of Cambodia’s Law on the Establishment of the ECCC (2001) is to
bring to trial senior leaders of Democratic Kampuchea and those who were responsible for crimes and serious violations of Cambodian penal law, international law and custom, and international conventions recognized by Cambodia, and which were committed during the period from April 17, 1975 to January 6, 1979. 
Cambodia, Law on the Establishment of the ECCC, 2001, Article 1.
The Law therefore provides for the establishment of “Extraordinary Chambers … in the existing courts, namely the trial court, the appeals court, and the supreme court” (Article 2) in order to permit the prosecution and punishment of persons having committed “any of the crimes set forth in the 1956 Penal Code”, committed during the relevant period, such as: homicide, torture and religious persecution (Article 3); genocide (Article 4); crimes against humanity (Article 5); grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions (Article 6); destruction of cultural property during armed conflict pursuant to the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property (Article 7); and crimes against internationally protected persons as set forth in the Convention on Crimes against Internationally Protected Persons (Article 8). 
Cambodia, Law on the Establishment of the ECCC, 2001, Articles 2–8.
According to its Article 1, the express purpose of Cambodia’s Law on the Establishment of the ECCC (2001), as amended in 2004, is to:
… bring to trial senior leaders of Democratic Kampuchea and those who were most responsible for the crimes and serious violations of Cambodian penal law, international humanitarian law and custom, and international conventions recognized by Cambodia, that were committed during the period from 17 April 1975 to 6 January 1979. 
Cambodia, Law on the Establishment of the ECCC, 2001, as amended in 2004, Article 1.
As laid down in its Article 2 new, the Law therefore provides for the establishment of:
Extraordinary Chambers … in the existing court structure, namely the trial court and the supreme court to bring to trial senior leaders of Democratic Kampuchea and those who were most responsible for the crimes and serious violations of Cambodian laws related to crimes, international humanitarian law and custom, and international conventions recognized by Cambodia, that were committed during the period from 17 April 1975 to 6 January 1979. 
Cambodia, Law on the Establishment of the ECCC, 2001, as amended in 2004, Article 2 new.
The Extraordinary Chambers are competent, provided that the acts were committed during the period from 17 April 1975 to 6 January 1979, with regard to: homicide, torture and religious persecution as set forth in Cambodia’s 1956 Penal Code (Article 3 new); genocide (Article 4); crimes against humanity (Article 5); grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions (Article 6); destruction of cultural property during armed conflict pursuant to the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property (Article 7); and crimes against internationally protected persons pursuant to the 1961 Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations (Article 8). 
Cambodia, Law on the Establishment of the ECCC, 2001, as amended in 2004, Articles 3 new-8.