Practice Relating to Rule 139. Respect for International Humanitarian Law
Kenya’s LOAC Manual (1997) states:
The States and the belligerent Parties have to undertake to respect the law of armed conflict in all circumstances and to give full implementation to its provisions. This means that it has to be respected by the government at strategic level, by the military at operational and tactical levels, and by the civilians.
The manual also states:
The armed forces have to behave correctly, that means in accordance with the international rules ratified by their respective governments, when facing the double responsibility of accomplishing a military mission and of managing the results or consequence of their action or behaviour.
The manual provides the following rule for behaviour in combat:
Be a disciplined soldier. Disobedience of the law of war dishonours your Armed Forces and yourself and causes unnecessary suffering; far from weakening the enemy’s will to fight, it often strengthens it.