Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 107. Spies
Section A. Definition of spies
Kenya’s LOAC Manual (1997) defines spies as:
persons who, acting clandestinely or on false pretences, gather information in the territory of a belligerent party with the intent of communicating it to the enemy … If members of the armed forces gather intelligence in occupied territory, they may not be treated as spies provided they are in uniform. 
Kenya, Law of Armed Conflict, Military Basic Course (ORS), 4 Précis, The School of Military Police, 1997, Précis No. 2, p. 9.