Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 4. Definition of Armed Forces
The Report on the Practice of Japan states that the Japanese Government understands that Japanese Self-Defence Forces (Jieitai) are categorized as armed forces as referred to in Article 4 of the 1949 Geneva Convention III. 
Report on the Practice of Japan, 1998, Chapter 1.1, referring to Statement by a member of the Japanese Government in the House of Representatives Cabinet Committee, 30 October 1986.