Related Rule
Japan
Practice Relating to Rule 39. Use of Cultural Property for Military Purposes
Japan’s Law concerning the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (2007) states:
In a situation of armed conflict, a person who uses, without legitimate reason, a cultural property under enhanced protection or its surroundings for combat or for support activities of combat, and puts a cultural property under enhanced protection in danger of damage by a combat activity of the adversary in an armed conflict, shall be sentenced to less than three years’ imprisonment with hard labour. 
Japan, Law concerning the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, 2007, Article 8.