Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
Italy’s LOAC Elementary Rules Manual (1991) states: “Law of war training has to be integrated into normal military activity.”
In 1997, in its final report on the events in Somalia, the Italian Government Commission of Inquiry emphasized the need for special training in IHL and human rights law for the forces participating in peacekeeping operations.
In 2006, in a follow-up response to the Concluding Observations of the Human Rights Committee, Italy reported:
The Italian Red Cross is in charge, by law, with the dissemination of information on international humanitarian law and awareness campaigns addressing Armed Forces and relevant organizations.
Italy’s LOAC Elementary Rules Manual (1991) states: “The commander himself ensures that his subordinates are aware of their obligations under the law of war and respect them.” It further states that “the commander is responsible for proper training” and that “the superior is the normal instructor of his subordinates also for law of war training”.