Practice Relating to Rule 47. Attacks against Persons Hors de Combat
The Report on the Practice of Iraq notes that, during the Iran–Iraq War, several Iraqi military communiqués were issued with the aim of ensuring the safety of enemy combatants unwilling to fight and their evacuation to rear positions.
Iraq’s Law of the Supreme Iraqi Criminal Tribunal (2005) identifies the following as a serious violation of the laws and customs of war applicable in international armed conflicts: “Killing or wounding a combatant who, having laid down his arms or having no longer means of defense, has clearly surrendered”.
The Report on the Practice of Iraq refers to a speech made by the Iraqi President in 1980 in which he called on the Iraqi armed forces to spare those incapacitated by wounds, sickness or unconsciousness.