• 1
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
  • 3
    Definition of Combatants
  • 4
    Definition of Armed Forces
  • 6
    Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
  • 7
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilian Objects and Military Objectives
  • 11
    Indiscriminate Attacks
  • 12
    Definition of Indiscriminate Attacks
  • 14
    Proportionality in Attack
  • 15
    Precautions in Attack
  • 20
    Advance Warning
  • 24
    Removal of Civilians and Civilian Objects from the Vicinity of Military Objectives
  • 25
    Medical Personnel
  • 31
    Humanitarian Relief Personnel
  • 34
    Journalists
  • 37
    Open Towns and Non-Defended Localities
  • 38
    Attacks Against Cultural Property
  • 39
    Use of Cultural Property for Military Purposes
  • 45
    Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
  • 47
    Attacks against Persons Hors de Combat
  • 50
    Destruction and Seizure of Property of an Adversary
  • 52
    Pillage
  • 54
    Attacks against Objects Indispensable to the Survival of the Civilian Population
  • 55
    Access for Humanitarian Relief to Civilians in Need
  • 59
    Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
  • 62
    Improper Use of the Flags or Military Emblems, Insignia or Uniforms of the Adversary
  • 70
    Weapons of a Nature to Cause Superfluous Injury or Unnecessary Suffering
  • 71
    Weapons That Are by Nature Indiscriminate
  • 72
    Poison
  • Nuclear Weapons
  • 73
    Biological Weapons
  • 74
    Chemical Weapons
  • 75
    Riot Control Agents
  • 77
    Expanding Bullets
  • 79
    Weapons Primarily Injuring by Non-Detectable Fragments
  • 80
    Booby-Traps
  • 81
    Restrictions on the Use of Landmines
  • Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
  • 82
    Recording of the Placement of Landmines
  • 83
    Removal or Neutralization of Landmines
  • 84
    The Protection of Civilians and Civilian Objects from the Effects of Incendiary Weapons
  • 85
    The Use of Incendiary Weapons against Combatants
  • 86
    Blinding Laser Weapons
  • 87
    Humane Treatment
  • 89
    Violence to Life
  • 90
    Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
  • 92
    Mutilation and Medical, Scientific or Biological Experiments
  • 93
    Rape and Other forms of Sexual Violence
  • 95
    Forced Labour
  • 96
    Hostage-Taking
  • 97
    Human Shields
  • 99
    Deprivation of Liberty
  • 100
    Fair Trial Guarantees
  • 104
    Respect for Convictions and Religious Practices
  • 108
    Mercenaries
  • 109
    Search for, Collection and Evacuation of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 110
    Treatment and Care of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 112
    Search for and Collection of the Dead
  • 116
    Accounting for the Dead
  • 119
    Accommodation for Women Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 123
    Recording and Notification of Personal Details of Persons Deprived of their Liberty
  • 128
    Release and Return of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 129
    The Act of Displacement
  • 130
    Transfer of Own Civilian Population into Occupied Territory
  • 131
    Treatment of Displaced Persons
  • 134
    Women
  • 135
    Children
  • 136
    Recruitment of Child Soldiers
  • 137
    Participation of Child Soldiers in Hostilities
  • 139
    Respect for International Humanitarian Law
  • 140
    Principle of Reciprocity
  • 141
    Legal Advisers for Armed Forces
  • 142
    Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
  • 143
    Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law among the Civilian Population
  • 145
    Reprisals
  • 146
    Reprisals against Protected Persons
  • 148
    Reprisals in Non-International Armed Conflicts
  • 151
    Individual Responsibility
  • 153
    Command Responsibility for Failure to Prevent, Repress or Report War Crimes
  • 154
    Obedience to Superior Orders
  • 155
    Defence of Superior Orders
  • 157
    Jurisdiction over War Crimes
  • 158
    Prosecution of War Crimes
  • 160
    Statutes of Limitation
  • 161
    International Cooperation in Criminal Proceedings