Practice Relating to Rule 122. Pillage of the Personal Belongings of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
Israel’s Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) states:
It is forbidden to confiscate the personal possessions of a prisoner-of-war, especially not their identity cards and their means of protection (excluding weapons) issued to them by their army (such as gas masks, plastic ground-sheets and steel helmets).
The manual further states that the 1949 Geneva Convention III “reminds that … [the] personal belongings [of prisoners of war] must be returned to them”.
The Manual on the Rules of Warfare (2006) is a second edition of the Manual on the Laws of War (1998).