Practice Relating to Rule 130. Transfer of Own Civilian Population into Occupied Territory
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that grave breaches of the 1977 Additional Protocol I are punishable offences.
In addition, any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Article 49 of the Geneva Convention IV, is a punishable offence.
In 2008, Ireland’s Minister for Foreign Affairs, in a written response to a question on the Middle East peace process, stated:
We have also called for decisive action by the Israeli Government to demonstrate a genuine commitment to a freeze on all settlement construction on occupied land. We and our EU partners are deeply concerned about a series of decisions in recent months authorising the construction of large numbers of new housing units in settlements in and around Jerusalem. Ireland has worked with other Member States to ensure that the EU has conveyed its concerns about settlement expansion directly to the Israeli Government at every opportunity, including at the most recent meeting of the EU-Israel Association Council in Luxembourg on 16 June . The EU position is very clear. Settlement expansion anywhere in the Occupied Territories, including East Jerusalem, is illegal under international law.
In 2008, Ireland’s Minister for Foreign Affairs, in a written response to a question on foreign conflicts, stated:
Ireland and its EU partners have consistently urged the Israeli Government to cease all activities in the Occupied Territories, including settlement building … which [is] contrary to international law and which threaten[s] to make any solution based on the co-existence of two viable States physically impossible.