Related Rule
Ireland
Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Ireland’s Basic LOAC Guide (2005) states: “The following acts are specified as grave breaches under the convention for the treatment of PWs [prisoners of war] [1949 Geneva Convention III]: – … wilfully depriving a PW of the rights of fair trial”. 
Ireland, Basic Guide to the Law of Armed Conflict, TP/TRG/01-2005, Director of Defence Forces Training, Department of Defence, July 2005, p. 10.
The manual further states that “wilful deprivation of the rights of a fair trial” is a grave breach of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV relating to the treatment of civilians. 
Ireland, Basic Guide to the Law of Armed Conflict, TP/TRG/01-2005, Director of Defence Forces Training, Department of Defence, July 2005, p. 12.
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that grave breaches of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and of the 1977 Additional Protocol I are punishable offences. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 3(1).
In addition, any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of common Article 3, Article 49 of the Geneva Convention I, Article 50 of the Geneva Convention II, Articles 102–108 of the Geneva Convention III and Article 5 of the Geneva Convention IV, and of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Articles 71(1), 75(4) and 78(2), are also punishable offences. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Article 84 of the Geneva Convention III, and of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 75(5), as well as any “contravention” of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, including violations of Article 6(2), are punishable offences. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 75(4)(d), as well as any “contravention” of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, including violations of Article 6(2)(d), are punishable offences. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Articles 96 and 105 of the Geneva Convention III and Articles 71 and 123 of the Geneva Convention IV, and of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 75(4)(a), as well as any “contravention” of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, including violations of Article 6(2)(a), are punishable offences. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Article 49 of the Geneva Convention I, Article 50 of the Geneva Convention II, Articles 84, 96, 99 and 104 of the Geneva Convention III and Articles 71, 72 and 123 of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV, and of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 75(4)(a), as well as any “contravention” of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, including violations of Article 6(2)(a), are punishable offences. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Article 103 of the Geneva Convention III and Article 71 of the Geneva Convention IV, is a punishable offence. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Articles 96 and 105 of the Geneva Convention III and Articles 72 and 123 of the Geneva Convention IV, and of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 75(4)(g), are punishable offences. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Articles 96 and 105 of the Geneva Convention III and Articles 72 and 123 of the Geneva Convention IV, is a punishable offence. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Article 123 of the Geneva Convention IV, and of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 75(4)(e), as well as any “contravention” of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, including violations of Article 6(2)(e), are punishable offences. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Upon ratification of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, Ireland stated:
Article 75 will be applied in Ireland insofar as paragraph 4(e) is not incompatible with the power enabling a judge, in exceptional circumstances, to order the removal of an accused from the court who causes a disturbance at the trial. 
Ireland, Declarations and reservations made upon ratification of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, 19 May 1999, § 13.
Upon ratification of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, Ireland stated:
Article 6 will be applied in Ireland insofar as paragraph 2(e) is not incompatible with the power enabling a judge, in exceptional circumstances, to order the removal of an accused from the court who causes a disturbance at the trial. 
Ireland, Declarations and reservations made upon ratification of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, 19 May 1999, § 2.
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Article 99 of the Geneva Convention III, and of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 75(4)(f), as well as any “contravention” of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, including violations of Article 6(2)(f), are punishable offences. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Under Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, any “minor breach” of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 75(4)(i), is a punishable offence. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Article 106 of the Geneva Convention III and Article 73 of the Geneva Convention IV, and of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 75(4)(j), as well as any “contravention” of the 1977 Additional Protocol II, including violations of Article 6(3), are punishable offences. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).
Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, provides that any “minor breach” of the 1949 Geneva Conventions, including violations of Article 86 of the Geneva Convention III and Article 117 of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV, and of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 75(4)(h), are punishable offences. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).