Related Rule
Ireland
Practice Relating to Rule 10. Civilian Objects’ Loss of Protection from Attack
Ireland’s Basic LOAC Guide (2005) states: “In case of doubt as to the status of … [an] object, it shall be assumed to be civilian.” 
Ireland, Basic Guide to the Law of Armed Conflict, TP/TRG/01-2005, Director of Defence Forces Training, Department of Defence, July 2005, p. 10.
Under Ireland’s Geneva Conventions Act (1962), as amended in 1998, any “minor breach” of the 1977 Additional Protocol I, including violations of Article 52(3), is a punishable offence. 
Ireland, Geneva Conventions Act, 1962, as amended in 1998, Section 4(1) and (4).