• 1
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
  • 3
    Definition of Combatants
  • 4
    Definition of Armed Forces
  • 5
    Definition of Civilians
  • 6
    Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
  • 7
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilian Objects and Military Objectives
  • 8
    Definition of Military Objectives
  • 11
    Indiscriminate Attacks
  • 14
    Proportionality in Attack
  • 15
    Precautions in Attack
  • 16
    Target Verification
  • 17
    Choice of Means and Methods of Warfare
  • 18
    Assessment of the Effects of Attacks
  • 19
    Control during the Execution of Attacks
  • 20
    Advance Warning
  • 21
    Target Selection
  • 22
    Principle of Precautions against the Effects of Attacks
  • 25
    Medical Personnel
  • 27
    Religious Personnel
  • 29
    Medical Transports
  • 30
    Persons and Objects Displaying the Distinctive Emblem
  • 37
    Open Towns and Non-Defended Localities
  • 38
    Attacks Against Cultural Property
  • 42
    Works and Installations Containing Dangerous Forces
  • 45
    Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
  • 47
    Attacks against Persons Hors de Combat
  • 48
    Attacks against Persons Parachuting from an Aircraft in Distress
  • 50
    Destruction and Seizure of Property of an Adversary
  • 51
    Public and Private Property in Occupied Territory
  • 52
    Pillage
  • 53
    Starvation as a Method of Warfare
  • 54
    Attacks against Objects Indispensable to the Survival of the Civilian Population
  • 57
    Ruses of War
  • 59
    Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
  • 60
    Improper Use of the United Nations Emblem or Uniform
  • 62
    Improper Use of the Flags or Military Emblems, Insignia or Uniforms of the Adversary
  • 63
    Use of Flags or Military Emblems, Insignia or Uniforms of Neutral or Other States Not Party to the Conflict
  • 65
    Perfidy
  • 70
    Weapons of a Nature to Cause Superfluous Injury or Unnecessary Suffering
  • 72
    Poison
  • Nuclear Weapons
  • 73
    Biological Weapons
  • 74
    Chemical Weapons
  • 77
    Expanding Bullets
  • 78
    Exploding Bullets
  • 79
    Weapons Primarily Injuring by Non-Detectable Fragments
  • 80
    Booby-Traps
  • 84
    The Protection of Civilians and Civilian Objects from the Effects of Incendiary Weapons
  • 85
    The Use of Incendiary Weapons against Combatants
  • 86
    Blinding Laser Weapons
  • 87
    Humane Treatment
  • 89
    Violence to Life
  • 90
    Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
  • 98
    Enforced Disappearance
  • 100
    Fair Trial Guarantees
  • 101
    The Principle of Legality
  • 104
    Respect for Convictions and Religious Practices
  • 106
    Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
  • 109
    Search for, Collection and Evacuation of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 110
    Treatment and Care of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 111
    Protection of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked against Pillage and Ill-Treatment
  • 112
    Search for and Collection of the Dead
  • 113
    Treatment of the Dead
  • 114
    Return of the Remains and personal Effects of the Dead
  • 117
    Accounting for Missing Persons
  • 123
    Recording and Notification of Personal Details of Persons Deprived of their Liberty
  • 128
    Release and Return of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 131
    Treatment of Displaced Persons
  • 132
    Return of Displaced Persons
  • 134
    Women
  • 135
    Children
  • 137
    Participation of Child Soldiers in Hostilities
  • 139
    Respect for International Humanitarian Law
  • 142
    Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
  • 143
    Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law among the Civilian Population
  • 145
    Reprisals
  • 146
    Reprisals against Protected Persons
  • 147
    Reprisals against Protected Objects
  • 148
    Reprisals in Non-International Armed Conflicts
  • 149
    Responsibility for violations of International Humanitarian Law
  • 150
    Reparation
  • 151
    Individual Responsibility
  • 153
    Command Responsibility for Failure to Prevent, Repress or Report War Crimes
  • 155
    Defence of Superior Orders
  • 157
    Jurisdiction over War Crimes