Practice Relating to Rule 74. Chemical Weapons
Under Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), the manufacture, improvement, production, stockpiling, offering for sale, purchase, interceding in purchasing or sale, possession, transfer, transport, use of, and order to use, chemical weapons are war crimes.
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), as amended to 2006, imposes a criminal sanction on:
(1) Whoever makes or improves, produces, stores, offers for sale or buys, or intercedes in a purchase or sale, possesses, transfers, or transports chemical … weapons …
(2) Whoever, in time of war or armed conflict, orders the use of chemical … weapons.
At the First Conference of States Parties to the Chemical Weapons Convention in 1997, Croatia stated that it “has never possessed or planned to produce chemical weapons nor even contemplated the idea of adhering to any form or method of chemical warfare, either tactical or strategic”. It also stated that it “supports the provisions in the [Chemical Weapons Convention] and is in the middle of incorporating parts of it into its own national law”.