Practice Relating to Rule 36. Demilitarized Zones
Section B. Attacks on demilitarized zones
Croatia’s Commanders’ Manual (1992) imposes a duty to issue appropriate instructions when military activities are conducted near demilitarized zones, in order to ensure the protection of such zones.
Under Croatia’s Criminal Code (1993), “indiscriminate attacks affecting … demilitarized zones” are war crimes.
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), as amended to 2006, states that a war crime is committed by “whoever violates the rules of international law in time of war, armed conflict or occupation by ordering [or committing] an attack against … demilitarized zones”.