Related Rule
Croatia
Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997) provides that denying the civilian population and prisoners of war their “rights to a fair and impartial trial” is a war crime. 
Croatia, Criminal Code, 1997, Articles 158 and 160.
Croatia’s Instructions on Basic Rules of IHL (1993) states that judicial independence and impartiality are essential guarantees that may not be suspended even in situations of armed conflict. 
Croatia, Instructions Basic Rules of International Humanitarian Law Applicable in Armed Conflicts, Republic of Croatia, Ministry of Defence, 1993, Instruction No. 4.
In 2007, in its second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Croatia stated:
In the case of suspicion or accusation for a criminal offence, the suspected, accused or prosecuted person shall have the right:
- To be informed in detail, and in the language he or she understands, within the shortest possible term, of the nature and reasons for the charges against him or her and of the evidence incriminating him or her. 
Croatia, Second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, 2 December 2008, UN Doc. CCPR/C/HRV/2, submitted 28 November 2007, § 206.
In 2007, in its second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Croatia stated:
In the case of suspicion or accusation for a criminal offence, the suspected, accused or prosecuted person shall have the right:
- To have adequate time and opportunity to prepare his or her defence
- To a defence counsel and free communication with him or her, and to be informed of this right
- To defend himself or herself in person or with the assistance of a defence counsel of his or her own choice, and if he or she lacks resources to engage a counsel, to have a free counsel under the terms specified by law. 
Croatia, Second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, 2 December 2008, UN Doc. CCPR/C/HRV/2, submitted 28 November 2007, § 206.
In 2007, in its second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Croatia stated:
In the case of suspicion or accusation for a criminal offence, the suspected, accused or prosecuted person shall have the right:
- To interrogate or have the prosecution witnesses interrogated and to demand the presence and hearing of the defence witnesses under the same circumstances as for the witnesses for the prosecution. 
Croatia, Second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, 2 December 2008, UN Doc. CCPR/C/HRV/2, submitted 28 November 2007, § 206.
In 2007, in its second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Croatia stated:
In the case of suspicion or accusation for a criminal offence, the suspected, accused or prosecuted person shall have the right:
- To free assistance of an interpreter if he or she does not understand the language used in the court. 
Croatia, Second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, 2 December 2008, UN Doc. CCPR/C/HRV/2, submitted 28 November 2007, § 206.
In 2007, in its second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Croatia stated:
In the case of suspicion or accusation for a criminal offence, the suspected, accused or prosecuted person shall have the right:
- To be tried in his or her presence if he or she is accessible to the court. 
Croatia, Second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, 2 December 2008, UN Doc. CCPR/C/HRV/2, submitted 28 November 2007, § 206.
In 2007, in its second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Croatia stated: “The suspected, accused and prosecuted person shall not be forced to confess his or her guilt. Evidence illegally obtained shall not be admitted in court proceedings.” 
Croatia, Second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, 2 December 2008, UN Doc. CCPR/C/HRV/2, submitted 28 November 2007, § 207.
Croatia’s ICC Statute Adoption Act (2003) states: “An accused whose guilt has been established by the International Criminal Court shall not be tried for the same criminal offence in the Republic of Croatia nor shall a previous domestic judgment be enforced if it relates to the same criminal offence.” 
Croatia, ICC Statute Adoption Act, 2003, Article 20(1).
In 2007, in its second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, Croatia stated: “No one shall be tried again for an offence for which he or she has already been convicted by a legally effective court decision. Criminal proceedings against a person who was acquitted by a final court decision may not be reopened.” 
Croatia, Second periodic report to the Human Rights Committee, 2 December 2008, UN Doc. CCPR/C/HRV/2, submitted 28 November 2007, § 213.