Practice Relating to Rule 150. Reparation
In 2003, in its fourth periodic report to the Committee against Torture, Guatemala stated:
Various government bodies and non-governmental organizations have agreed that the establishment of the National Reconciliation Programme represents progress. Its purpose is to identify, provide reparation and compensation for, to return property to, to assist and to rehabilitate the victims of armed conflict. Following the political agreement which formed the basis of the National Reconciliation Programme, Government Agreement No. 258-2003 established the National Reconciliation Commission, which comprises five government representatives and five representatives of civil society. The government representatives are members of COPREDEH [The Presidential Commission for Coordinating Executive Policy in Human Rights]; a representative of the Ministry of Public Finance; the head of the Peace Secretariat; a representative of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food and a personal representative of the President of the Republic who serves as chairman. The non-governmental representatives are two representatives of organizations for the victims of human rights violations that occurred during the armed conflict; a representative of Maya organizations; a representative of women’s organizations and a representative of human rights organizations. The specific purpose of this Commission is to provide compensation to victims of the human rights violations that took place during the internal armed conflict which ended on 29 December 1996.
In 2006, during the consideration of the fourth periodic report of Guatemala before the Committee against Torture, a representative of Guatemala stated that “compensation had not been awarded by domestic courts, but, in specific cases relating to the period of internal armed conflict, compensation had been awarded by virtue of international courts judgments.”