United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Practice Related to Rule 94. Slavery and Slave Trade
The UK LOAC Manual (2004) states in its chapter on internal armed conflict that “outrages upon personal dignity … such as … slavery” are prohibited.
In its discussion on the 1977 Additional Protocol II, the manual specifies:
The following acts against protected persons, “are and shall remain prohibited at any time and in any place whatsoever”. These are:
f) slavery and the slave trade in all their forms.
Under the UK ICC Act (2001), it is a punishable offence to commit a crime against humanity as defined in Article 7(1)(c) of the 1998 ICC Statute, and war crimes as defined in Article 8(2)(b)(xxii) and (e)(vi) of the Statute.
The UK Government Strategy on the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict (2010) states: “IHL requires parties to a conflict to respect and protect civilians. … [C]ivilians must not be … subjected to acts of violence such as … slavery”.