Related Rule
France
Practice Relating to Rule 5. Definition of Civilians
France’s LOAC Summary Note (1992) defines civilians as “those persons who do not belong to the armed forces”. 
France, Fiche de Synthèse sur les Règles Applicables dans les Conflits Armés, Note No. 432/DEF/EMA/OL.2/NP, Général de Corps d’Armée Voinot (pour l’Amiral Lanxade, Chef d’Etat-major des Armées), 1992, § 1.1.
France’s LOAC Teaching Note (2000) defines civilians as “those persons who do not belong to the armed forces or who do not participate in hostilities”. 
France, Fiche didactique relative au droit des conflits armés, Directive of the Ministry of Defence, 4 January 2000, annexed to the Directive No. 147 of the Ministry of Defence of 4 January 2000, p. 4.