Related Rule
France
Practice Relating to Rule 144. Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law Erga Omnes
In 2008, the Prime Minister of France stated:
As a permanent member of the UN Security Council, France endeavours to strengthen, through its actions and political influence, respect for IHL as well as the protection of humanitarian personnel. Resolution 1674 adopted on 28 April 2006 by the UN Security Council, on the initiative of France, condemns … deliberate attacks against UN personnel and associated personnel taking part in humanitarian missions, as well as against the personnel of other humanitarian organizations …
Also, under the 30th Conference of the ICRC in November 2007 in Geneva, France undertook to strengthen the protection of the emblems of the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement within domestic law. All this contributes to a better protection of humanitarian personnel in the field …
… The European Parliament adopted on 23 December 2005 the guidelines of the European Union for the promotion of IHL, and France will strengthen their application during its presidency.
Concerning international criminal justice … The fight against impunity constitutes an indispensable complement to the respect for IHL … France plays … an active role in the establishment of the Special Tribunal for Lebanon and the special Senegalese court that will be in charge of trying former president Hissène Habré. 
France, Response by the Prime Minister to the National Consultative Commission for Human Rights’ opinion on the Respect and Protection of Humanitarian Relief Personnel adopted on 17 January 2008, 27 May 2008, pp. 1–2.
In 2009, the Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of France stated:
[A]ll states parties to the conventions [1949 Geneva Conventions and their protocols] must not only obey them but also ensure that they are obeyed by the parties in an armed conflict.
What that means is that the international community has a special responsibility in ensuring compliance with international humanitarian law.
France is engaged in numerous peacekeeping operations under UN mandates. The purpose of several of them – first and foremost the European Union operation in eastern Chad and north-eastern Central African Republic – is to provide protection to innocent civilians.
Such protection must involve first and foremost a guarantee of adherence to the principles of international humanitarian law in armed conflict and the inclusion of the issues surrounding the protection of civilians in mandates for peacekeeping operations.
I am convinced that compliance with international humanitarian law must be made the subject of depoliticized discussions at the United Nations, since such compliance is the duty of all, irrespective of the legitimacy of the military action undertaken by a specific state or armed group.
That is why I have asked France’s permanent representative to the United Nations in New York to mobilize our partners on this matter. 
France, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, “The Savaging of Humanitarian Law”, New York Times, 28 January 2009, pp. 1–3.
In 2009, the Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of France stated:
Violations of humanitarian law are ever increasing, as the current crises are unfortunately there to remind us, whether we are looking at Darfur, Somalia, Gaza, Sri Lanka or the Kivus. …
We must react!
The mechanisms put in place by the [UN] Security Council are indispensable, [including] the simple call for respect for international humanitarian law. 
France, Minister of Foreign and European Affairs, “International Humanitarian Law, an Imperative”, La Croix, 12 February 2009, p. 1.
In 2009, the President of the French Republic stated:
In Sri Lanka … France has endeavoured to ensure that the civilian population is no longer being held hostage. … Together with the UN Secretary General, we demand a humanitarian truce in order to allow the civilian population to leave the combat zone and to receive the assistance to which it is entitled.
… States are responsible for the security of the humanitarian personnel intervening in their territory …
… France will spare no effort in order for this duty to protect to be strictly applied and respected at the Security Council and in the field.
… [E]very time a country prevents humanitarian personnel from assisting the civilian population, France will act at the international level in order to condemn the action of such country. 
France, Address by the President of the French Republic on the 90th Anniversary of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, 4 May 2009, pp. 2–5.