Practice Relating to Rule 143. Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law among the Civilian Population
France’s Law on the National Consultative Commission on Human Rights (2007) provides:
Article 1 – The National Consultative Commission on Human Rights Commission nationale consultative des droits de l’homme acts as adviser to the Government and proposes laws in the area of human rights, international humanitarian law and humanitarian action. It assists the Prime Minister and ministers concerned by way of its views on all questions of general scope relating to its field of competence, on both the national and international levels. It can, at is own initiative, publicly draw the attention of the Parliament and the Government to measures which it deems to be of a nature to help the protection and promotion of human rights.
The Commission is fully independent in the exercise of its mission.
It consists of representatives of non-governmental organizations specialized in the area of human rights, international humanitarian law or humanitarian action, experts placed in international organizations competent in the same area, qualified personalities, representatives of the main trade union confederations, the Ombudsman Médiateur de la République, as well as a member of parliament, a senator, and a member of the Economic and Social Council Conseil économique et social, nominated by their respective assemblies.
The mandate of the members of the Commission is irrevocable as long as its holder keeps the capacity by virtue of which he has been nominated and as long as he acts according to his obligation of diligence.
Representatives of the Prime Minister and of ministers concerned can participate in the work of the Commission, without voting powers.
– A decree of the Council of State Conseil d’Etat
specifies the composition and lays down the modalities of organization and functioning of the Commission established in article 1.
France’s Decree on the National Consultative Commission on Human Rights (2007) provides:
Article 2 – The Commission Commission nationale consultative des droits de l’homme can be seized with requests for views or studies emanating from the Prime Minister or members of the Government.
It cooperates, within the limits of its competence, with the international organizations charged with human rights and international humanitarian law.
The Commission can, at its own initiative, draw the attention of the public powers to measures which it deems to be of a nature to help the protection and promotion of human rights, in particular concerning:
- the ratification of international instruments relating to human rights and international humanitarian law and, as the case may be, the aligning of national law with these instruments;
The Commission can also:
- study appropriate measures of ensuring the application of international humanitarian law.
The Commission makes public the views and reports it adopts.