Related Rule
Fiji
Practice Relating to Rule 73. Biological Weapons
Fiji’s Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Decree (2011) provides:
In exercise of the power vested in me as the President of the Republic of Fiji and the Commander in Chief of the Republic of Fiji Military Forces by virtue of the Executive Authority Decree 2009, I hereby make the following Decree –
TO PROHIBIT THE DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION, MANUFACTURE, POSSESSION, STOCKPILING, OTHER ACQUISITION OR RETENTION, IMPORTATION, EXPORTATION, RE-EXPORTATION, TRANSPORTATION, TRANSIT, TRANS-SHIPMENT, TRANSFER OR USE OF CERTAIN BIOLOGICAL AGENTS AND TOXINS AND OF BIOLOGICAL WEAPONS, AND TO IMPLEMENT IN FIJI THE CONVENTION ON THE PROHIBITION OF THE DEVELOPMENT, PRODUCTION AND STOCKPILING OF BACTERIOLOGICAL (BIOLOGICAL) AND TOXIN WEAPONS AND ON THEIR DESTRUCTION OF 10 APRIL 1972 AND THE PROTOCOL FOR THE PROHIBITION OF THE USE IN WAR OF ASPHYXIATING, POISONOUS OR OTHER GASES, AND OF BACTERIOLOGICAL METHODS OF WARFARE OF 17 JUNE 1925.
PART 2 – IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONVENTION
Purpose
3. The purpose of this Decree is to fulfill Fiji's obligations under the Convention and the Protocol as amended from time to time.
Decree to bind the State
5. This Decree is binding on the State.
Prohibitions
6. It is an offence for a person to develop, produce, manufacture, possess, stockpile, acquire, retain, import, export, re-export, transport, transit, trans-ship, transfer to any recipient directly or indirectly, or use –
(a) any microbial or other biological agent, or any toxin whatever their origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; or
(b) any weapon, equipment, means of delivery, designed to use or share such an agent or toxin for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.
Aiding and abetting
7. No person shall aid, abet, encourage, assist, counsel, procure, incite or finance the commission of, or attempt or conspire to commit, an offence under section 6.
Licensing
8. – (1) Except as hereby authorised or specifically licensed under any written law, no person shall develop, produce, manufacture, possess, stockpile, acquire, retain, transport, transfer or use any microbial or other biological agent, any toxin or any related equipment designated in the regulations.
(3) Any person who, aids, abets, encourages, assists, counsels, procures, incites or finances the commission of, or attempts or conspires to commit, is guilty of an offence under this section.
Offences
27. – (1) Any person who contravenes section 6 or 7 is guilty of an offence under the Crimes Decree 2009 and is liable upon conviction –
(a) in the case of an individual, imprisonment for a term not exceeding 14 years or to a fine not exceeding 150 penalty units or both;
(b) in the case of a body corporate, a fine not exceeding 500 penalty units.
(3) Every person who contravenes sections 8, … is guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to –
(a) in the case of an individual, imprisonment for a term not exceeding 14 years or to a fine no[t] exceeding 150 penalty units or both;
(b) in the case of a body corporate, a fine not exceeding 500 penalty units.
Extra-territorial application
28. – (1) A person who is alleged to have committed an offence under sections 8, … outside the territory of Fiji, may be prosecuted for that offence if –
(a) at the time the offence is alleged to have been committed –
(i) the person was a citizen of Fiji or was employed in a civilian or military capacity, or
(ii) the person was a citizen of a State that engaged in an armed conflict against Fiji or was employed in a civilian or military capacity by such a State, or
(iii) the victim of the alleged offence was a citizen of Fiji; or
(iv) the victim of the alleed offence was a citizen of a State that was allied with Fiji in an armed conflict, or
(v) the person is a stateless person whose habitual residence is in Fiji; or
(b) after the time of the offence is alleged to have been committed, the person is present in Fiji.
(2) “Person” in subsection (1) includes any bodies corporate, including those incorporated, registered or otherwise organised and members of partnerships or trustees of trusts recognised under the laws of Fiji. 
Fiji, Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Decree, 2011, Articles 3, 5–8 and 27–28.