Related Rule
Fiji
Practice Relating to Rule 151. Individual Responsibility
Fiji’s Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Decree (2011) provides:
Prohibitions
6. It is an offence for a person to develop, produce, manufacture, possess, stockpile, acquire, retain, import, export, re-export, transport, transit, trans-ship, transfer to any recipient directly or indirectly, or use –
(a) any microbial or other biological agent, or any toxin whatever their origin or method of production, of types and in quantities that have no justification for prophylactic, protective or other peaceful purposes; or
(b) any weapon, equipment, means of delivery, designed to use or share such an agent or toxin for hostile purposes or in armed conflict.
Aiding and abetting
7. No person shall aid, abet, encourage, assist, counsel, procure, incite or finance the commission of, or attempt or conspire to commit, an offence under section 6.
Licensing
8. – (1) Except as hereby authorised or specifically licensed under any written law, no person shall develop, produce, manufacture, possess, stockpile, acquire, retain, transport, transfer or use any microbial or other biological agent, any toxin or any related equipment designated in the regulations.
(3) Any person who, aids, abets, encourages, assists, counsels, procures, incites or finances the commission of, or attempts or conspires to commit, is guilty of an offence under this section.
Offences
27. – (1) Every person who contravenes section 6 or 7 is guilty of an offence under the Crimes Decree 2009 and is liable upon conviction –
(a) in the case of an individual, imprisonment for a term not exceeding 14 years or to a fine not exceeding 150 penalty units or both;
(b) in the case of a body corporate, a fine not exceeding 500 penalty units.
(2) Where an offence under subsection (1) which is committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed with the consent and connivance or, to be attributable to any negligence on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, or any person who was purporting to act in such capacity, he or she as well as the body corporate shall be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished in accordance with subsection (1)(a).
(3) Every person who contravenes section[] 8, … is guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to –
(a) in the case of an individual, imprisonment for a term not exceeding 14 years or to a fine no[t] exceeding 150 penalty units or both;
(b) in the case of a body corporate, a fine not exceeding 500 penalty units.
(4) Where an offence under subsection (3) which is committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed with the consent and connivance or to be attributable to any negligence on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, or any person who was purporting to act in such capacity, he as well as the body corporate shall be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished in accordance with subsection (3)(a). 
Fiji, Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention Decree, 2011, Articles 6–8 and 27.
Fiji’s Anti-Personnel Mines Decree (2011) states:
PART 5 – PROHIBITIONS AND OFFENCES
Prohibited conduct
23. – (1) Subject to section 22 [on permission to retain or transfer], no person shall –
(a) use an anti-personnel mine;
(b) develop or produce an anti-personnel mine;
(c) acquire an anti-personnel mine;
(d) possess, retain or stockpile an anti-personnel mine; and/or
(e) transfer to anyone, either directly or indirectly, an anti-personnel mine.
(2) Subject to section 26, no person shall assist, encourage or induce, in any way, anyone to engage in conduct referred to in subsection (1) above.
Offences and Penalties
24. – (1) A person is guilty of an offence if the person –
(a) places an anti-personnel mine under, on or near the ground or other surface area; or
(b) knowingly is in the possession of an anti-personal mine; or
(c) develops, produces, or otherwise acquires an anti-personnel mine; or
(d) stockpiles anti-personnel mines; or
(e) transfer[s] ownership or control of an anti-personnel mine; whether directly or indirectly, to another person.
(2) Any person who contravenes section 24 shall be guilty of an offence and liable upon conviction to –
(a) in the case of an individual, imprisonment for a term not exceeding 14 years, and
(b) in the case of a body corporate, a fine not exceeding 500 penalty units.
(3) Where an offence under subsection (1) which is committed by a body corporate is proved to have been committed with the consent and connivance of, or to be attributable to any negligence on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other similar officer of the body corporate, or any person who was purporting to act in such capacity, he as well as the body corporate shall be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished in accordance with subsection (3)(a).
(4) Any court which convicts a person under subsections 3(a) and (b) may order that the anti-personnel mine or component part used or otherwise involved in the commission of the offence be forfeited to the State.
Extra-territorial application
25. Section 24 extends to conduct outside the territory of Fiji, the citizens of Fiji and bodies corporate incorporated or registered under the laws of Fiji.
Exceptions: conduct which is permitted
26. Section 23 does not apply to –
(a) the placement, possession, retention or transfer of an anti-personnel mine in accordance with a permission in force under section 22;
(b) the possession, retention or transfer of an anti-personnel mine by a member of the Republic of Fiji Military Forces, a police officer, a court official, a customs official or any other such person appointed by the Minister by notice in writing in the course of that person’s duties for the purpose of –
(i) the conduct of criminal proceedings;
(ii) rendering an anti-personnel mine harmless;
(iii) retaining an anti-personnel mine for future destruction; and
(iv) delivering [an] anti-personnel mine to [an] appropriate armed forces unit for destruction. 
Fiji, Anti-Personnel Mines Decree, 2011, Articles 23–26.