Practice Relating to Rule 99. Deprivation of Liberty
Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957) provides that illegal detention in concentration camps is a war crime against the civilian population.
According to the Report on the Practice of Ethiopia, during the Mengistu regime in Ethiopia, unlawful detention and internment were widely practised. The report also states: “The law seems to allow deprivation of one’s liberty on mere suspicion. The individual may also lose his liberty in circumstances where formal arrest is not justified for lack of evidence.”