Related Rule
Ethiopia
Practice Relating to Rule 90. Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957) provides that in time of war, armed conflict or occupation, the organization, ordering or carrying out of “torture or inhuman treatment or other acts entailing dire suffering or physical or mental injury” to civilians, the wounded, sick and shipwrecked or prisoners and interned persons constitutes a war crime. 
Ethiopia, Penal Code, 1957, Articles 282(a), 283(a) and 284(a); see also Article 281 (torture as part of a genocide campaign).
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 270.- War Crimes against the Civilian Population.
Whoever, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation organizes, orders or engages in, against the civilian population and in violation of the rules of public international law and of international humanitarian conventions:
(a) … torture or inhuman treatment … or any other acts involving dire suffering or bodily harm, or injury to mental or physical health …
is punishable with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years, or, in more serious cases, with life imprisonment or death.
Article 271.- War Crimes against Wounded, Sick or Shipwrecked Persons or Medical Services.
(1) Whoever, in the circumstances defined above, organizes, orders or engages in:
(a) … torture …or inhuman treatment or other acts entailing direct suffering or physical or mental injury to wounded, sick or shipwrecked persons, or to members of the medical or first aid service …
is punishable in accordance with Article 270.
Article 272.- War Crimes against Prisoners and Interned Persons.
Whoever, in the circumstances defined above:
(a) organizes, orders or engages in … acts of torture or inhuman treatment or acts entailing dire suffering or injury to prisoners of war or interned persons …
is punishable in accordance with Article 270. 
Ethiopia, Criminal Code, 2004, Articles 270–272.
The Criminal Code of 2004 repealed Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.