Practice Relating to Rule 34. Journalists
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 271.- War Crimes against Wounded, Sick or Shipwrecked Persons or Medical Services.
(1) Whoever, in the circumstances defined above [i.e., in time of war, armed conflict or occupation … and in violation of the rules of public international law and of international humanitarian conventions] organizes, orders or engages in:
(c) compelling persons engaged in … journalistic activities to perform acts or to carry out work contrary to or to refrain from acts required by their … professional rules and ethics or other rules designed for the benefit of the wounded, sick or civilian population,
is punishable in accordance with Article 270 [i.e., with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years, or, in more serious cases, with life imprisonment or death].