Practice Relating to Rule 110. Treatment and Care of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 271.- War Crimes against Wounded, Sick or Shipwrecked Persons or Medical Services.
(1) Whoever, in the circumstances defined above [i.e., in time of war, armed conflict or occupation and in violation of the rules of public international law and of international humanitarian conventions] organizes, orders or engages in:
(a) … withholding medical care and attention required by their condition [from] … wounded, sick or shipwrecked persons …
is punishable in accordance with Article 270 [i.e., with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years, or, in more serious cases, with life imprisonment or death].
Ethiopia’s Red Cross Legal Notice (1947) refers to one of the objectives of the Red Cross, notably “caring for the sick and wounded among troops and civilians without national discretion”.