Practice Relating to Rule 104. Respect for Convictions and Religious Practices
Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957) provides that “forcible religious conversion” is a war crime against the civilian population.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 270.- War Crimes against the Civilian Population.
Whoever, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation organizes, orders or engages in, against the civilian population and in violation of the rules of public international law and of international humanitarian conventions:
(e) … forcible religious conversion …
is punishable with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years, or, in more serious cases, with life imprisonment or death.
The Criminal Code of 2004 repealed Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.