Related Rule
Ethiopia
Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957) provides that denying civilians, wounded and sick, prisoners of war or internees of their “right to a fair trial” constitutes a crime. 
Ethiopia, Penal Code, 1957, Article 292.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 270.- War Crimes against the Civilian Population.
Whoever, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation organizes, orders or engages in, against the civilian population and in violation of the rules of public international law and of international humanitarian conventions:
(p) passing of sentences … without previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted Court which affords all the judicial guarantees,
is punishable with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years, or, in more serious cases, with life imprisonment or death.
Article 280.- Denial of Justice.
Whoever, in time of war or occupation and in violation of the rules of public international law, deprives a civilian, a wounded person, a prisoner or an internee, of his right to be tried according to law guaranteeing him human treatment and the free exercise of his right to defend himself, or orders such deprival,
is punishable with simple imprisonment from three years to five years. 
Ethiopia, Criminal Code, 2004, Articles 270 and 280.
The Criminal Code of 2004 replaced Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 2.- Principle of Legality.
(5) Nobody shall be tried or punished again for the same crime for which he has been already convicted, punished or subjected to other measures or acquitted by a final decision in accordance with the law.
Article 15.- Crimes Committed in a Foreign Country by a Member of the Defence Forces.
(2) In cases of crimes against international law and specifically military crimes as defined in Article 269–322, the member of the Defence Forces shall remain subject to national law and be tried under the provisions of this Code by Ethiopian military courts. 
Ethiopia, Criminal Code, 2004, Articles 2(5) and 15(2).