Practice Relating to the Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) provides:
Whoever uses, or orders to be used, against the enemy any means or method of combat expressly forbidden by … international conventions to which Ethiopia is a party,
is punishable with simple imprisonment for not less than three months; or, if the crime is grave, with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years; or, in the gravest cases, with life imprisonment or death.
In 2004, Ethiopia ratified the 1997 Ottawa Convention on Anti-Personnel Mines.
In 1995, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Ethiopia stated that there was “a compelling need for a total ban on these insidious weapons”.
Ethiopia participated in all the preparatory meetings for the adoption of a treaty banning anti-personnel landmines, including the International Strategy Conference in October 1996 meeting which launched the process. It endorsed the Final Declaration of the Brussels Conference on Anti-personnel Landmines in June 1997 and was a full participant in the Oslo negotiations in September 1997 which led to the adoption of a treaty banning anti-personnel landmines.
Ethiopia also supported OAU resolutions on landmines, along with Plan of Action from the May 1997 OAU conference on landmines in Kempton Park, South Africa. It voted in favour of the UN General Assembly resolutions in support of a ban on landmines in 1996, 1997 and 1998.