Practice Relating to Rule 60. Improper Use of the United Nations Emblem or Uniform
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) provides that it is prohibited “to use the distinctive emblem of the UN, except in cases where this Organization authorizes it”.
The manual further states that it is forbidden “to make improper use of the emblems of the United Nations”.
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states: “It is prohibited to use the distinctive emblem of the United Nations unless authorized to do so by the organization.”
Spain’s Penal Code (1995) punishes “anyone who, during an armed conflict … uses improperly … the flag, uniform, insignia or distinctive emblem … of the United Nations”.
Spain’s Penal Code (1995), as amended in 2010, states:
Anyone who [commits any of the following acts] during armed conflict shall be punished with three to seven years’ imprisonment:
4. Improperly using the protective or distinctive signs, emblems or signals established and recognized under international treaties to which Spain is a party.