Practice Relating to Rule 134. Women
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) provides that, as prisoners of war, “women shall be treated with all consideration due to their sex”.
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states that the “law of armed conflict reflects the need to provide special protection to those victims of war who are more vulnerable to danger”. In that context, women “are the object of special respect and are protected, in particular, against any form of indecent assault”.
The manual further states: “The parties to the conflict are encouraged to conclude agreements to establish safety zones to protect women … from the effects of war.”
Spain’s Penal Code (1995), as amended in 2003, states:
Anyone who [commits any of the following acts] during armed conflict shall be punished with three to seven years’ imprisonment:
3. … [V]iolating the prohibitions … regarding the special protection owed to women … as stipulated by the international treaties to which Spain is a party.