• 1
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
  • 6
    Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
  • 7
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilian Objects and Military Objectives
  • 8
    Definition of Military Objectives
  • 9
    Definition of Civilian Objects
  • 10
    Civilian Objects’ Loss of Protection from Attack
  • 13
    Area Bombardment
  • 14
    Proportionality in Attack
  • 15
    Precautions in Attack
  • 16
    Target Verification
  • 19
    Control during the Execution of Attacks
  • 20
    Advance Warning
  • 23
    Location of Military Objectives outside Densely Populated Areas
  • 24
    Removal of Civilians and Civilian Objects from the Vicinity of Military Objectives
  • 28
    Medical Units
  • 29
    Medical Transports
  • 31
    Humanitarian Relief Personnel
  • 32
    Humanitarian Relief Objects
  • 33
    Personnel and Objects Involved in a Peacekeeping Mission
  • 35
    Hospital and Safety Zones and Neutralized Zones
  • 36
    Demilitarized Zones
  • 37
    Open Towns and Non-Defended Localities
  • 38
    Attacks Against Cultural Property
  • 39
    Use of Cultural Property for Military Purposes
  • 42
    Works and Installations Containing Dangerous Forces
  • 44
    Due Regard for the Natural Environment in Military Operations
  • 45
    Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
  • 47
    Attacks against Persons Hors de Combat
  • 48
    Attacks against Persons Parachuting from an Aircraft in Distress
  • 50
    Destruction and Seizure of Property of an Adversary
  • 51
    Public and Private Property in Occupied Territory
  • 52
    Pillage
  • 53
    Starvation as a Method of Warfare
  • 54
    Attacks against Objects Indispensable to the Survival of the Civilian Population
  • 55
    Access for Humanitarian Relief to Civilians in Need
  • 59
    Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
  • 62
    Improper Use of the Flags or Military Emblems, Insignia or Uniforms of the Adversary
  • 65
    Perfidy
  • 66
    Non-Hostile Contacts between the Parties to Conflict
  • 70
    Weapons of a Nature to Cause Superfluous Injury or Unnecessary Suffering
  • 71
    Weapons That Are by Nature Indiscriminate
  • 72
    Poison
  • Nuclear Weapons
  • 73
    Biological Weapons
  • 74
    Chemical Weapons
  • 77
    Expanding Bullets
  • 80
    Booby-Traps
  • 81
    Restrictions on the Use of Landmines
  • Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
  • 84
    The Protection of Civilians and Civilian Objects from the Effects of Incendiary Weapons
  • 89
    Violence to Life
  • 90
    Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
  • 106
    Conditions for Prisoner-of-War Status
  • 108
    Mercenaries
  • 109
    Search for, Collection and Evacuation of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 110
    Treatment and Care of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 111
    Protection of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked against Pillage and Ill-Treatment
  • 113
    Treatment of the Dead
  • 114
    Return of the Remains and personal Effects of the Dead
  • 128
    Release and Return of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 129
    The Act of Displacement
  • 130
    Transfer of Own Civilian Population into Occupied Territory
  • 132
    Return of Displaced Persons
  • 133
    Property Rights of Displaced Persons
  • 142
    Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
  • 143
    Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law among the Civilian Population
  • 144
    Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law Erga Omnes
  • 146
    Reprisals against Protected Persons
  • 147
    Reprisals against Protected Objects
  • 148
    Reprisals in Non-International Armed Conflicts
  • 153
    Command Responsibility for Failure to Prevent, Repress or Report War Crimes
  • 154
    Obedience to Superior Orders
  • 155
    Defence of Superior Orders
  • 157
    Jurisdiction over War Crimes
  • 160
    Statutes of Limitation