Related Rule
Ecuador
Practice Relating to Rule 97. Human Shields
Ecuador’s Naval Manual (1989) provides: “Deliberate use of non combatants to shield military objectives from enemy attacks is prohibited.” 
Ecuador, Aspectos Importantes del Derecho Internacional Marítimo que Deben Tener Presente los Comandantes de los Buques, Academia de Guerra Naval, 1989, § 11-2.