Related Rule
Ecuador
Practice Relating to Rule 151. Individual Responsibility
Ecuador’s Naval Manual (1989) states: “Acts constituting war crimes may be committed by the armed forces of a belligerent or by individuals belonging to the civilian population.” 
Ecuador, Aspectos Importantes del Derecho Internacional Marítimo que Deben Tener Presente los Comandantes de los Buques, Academia de Guerra Naval, 1989, § 6.2.5.