Related Rule
Djibouti
Practice Relating to Rule 136. Recruitment of Child Soldiers
Djibouti’s Manual on International Humanitarian Law (2004) states that “children below the age of fifteen … may not be recruited into the armed forces”. 
Djibouti, Manuel sur le droit international humanitaire et les droits de l’homme applicables au travail du policier, Ministère de l’Intérieur, Direction Générale de la Police, 2004, p. 25.
Djibouti’s Decree on Mobilization (1991) provides:
The moment the institutions of the Republic, its territorial integrity are threatened, all citizens have a duty to respond to the decree of the Government for mobilization.
Article 1: The following can be mobilized immediately:
2. All young people aged between 18 and 25 years old, [who] will undergo a four-week basic training before being incorporated into units. 
Djibouti, Decree on Mobilization, 1991, Preamble and Article 1(2).
In 1998, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Djibouti stated that “young people under 18 may not be accepted into the army”. 
Djibouti, Initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 1998, § 26.
In 2010, in the History and Geography Textbook for 8th Grade, Djibouti’s Ministry of National Education and Higher Education, under the heading “Basic rules of IHL” and in a section on “Specific protection”, stated: “It is prohibited to recruit … children younger than 15 years old in an armed conflict.ˮ 
Djibouti, Ministry of National Education and Higher Education, History and Geography Textbook for 8th Grade, 2010, p. 194.
In 2011, upon ratification of the 2000 Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Djibouti made the following declaration:
With regard to Article 3 of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, the Government of the Republic of Djibouti declares that the minimum age for the voluntary recruitment of persons into its national armed forces and gendarmerie is eighteen years (see Article 1 of Decree No. 79-001/PR/DEF establishing the procedure for recruitment in the Republic of Djibouti in connection with commissions, enlistment and re-enlistment in the national armed forces).
In addition, the Government of the Republic of Djibouti sets forth below the safeguards it has adopted to ensure that recruitment is not forced or coerced:
(a) The procedure for recruitment into the national armed forces and gendarmerie is initiated with a recruitment campaign in the press and other media aimed at young people (young men and young women) (article 5 of Decree No. 79-001/PR/DEF establishing the procedure for recruitment in the Republic of Djibouti in connection with commissions, enlistment and re-enlistment in the national armed forces and gendarmerie);
(b) Applications include a birth certificate, a certificate of school attendance and/or apprenticeship certificate, as appropriate (articles 6, 7 and 8 of Decree No. 79-001/PR/DEF establishing the procedure for recruitment in the Republic of Djibouti in connection with commissions, enlistment and re-enlistment in the national armed forces and gendarmerie);
(c) Induction for the young recruits takes place in public, at a sports field or other similar venue (articles 6, 7 and 8 of Decree No. 79-001/PR/DEF establishing the procedure for recruitment in the Republic of Djibouti in connection with commissions, enlistment and re-enlistment in the national armed forces and gendarmerie);
(d) All the recruits undergo a thorough medical examination (article 6 of Decree No. 79-001/PR/DEF establishing the procedure for recruitment in the Republic of Djibouti in connection with commissions, enlistment and re-enlistment in the national armed forces and gendarmerie). 
Djibouti, Declaration made upon ratification of the 2000 Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 27 April 2011.