Practice Relating to Rule 29. Medical Transports
Section A. Respect for and protection of medical transports
Germany’s Military Manual (1992) states that “any transport of wounded, sick and medical equipment shall be respected and protected”.
Germany’s IHL Manual (1996) provides that medical vehicles “shall under no circumstance be attacked. Their unhampered employment shall be ensured at all times.”
Germany’s Soldiers’ Manual (2006) states: “Fixed establishments, vehicles and mobile units of the medical service, without exception, may not be fought.”
Germany’s Law Introducing the International Crimes Code (2002) provides:
Anyone who, in connection with an international or non-international armed conflict … carries out an attack against … medical units and transport designated with the distinctive emblems of the Geneva Conventions … in conformity with international humanitarian law, shall be liable to imprisonment for not less than three years. In less serious cases, particularly where the attack is not carried out with military means, the period of imprisonment shall be for not less than one year.