Related Rule
Germany
Practice Relating to Rule 16. Target Verification
Germany’s Military Manual (1992) states: “Before engaging an objective, every responsible military leader shall verify the military nature of the objective to be attacked.” 
Germany, Humanitarian Law in Armed Conflicts – Manual, DSK VV207320067, edited by The Federal Ministry of Defence of the Federal Republic of Germany, VR II 3, August 1992, English translation of ZDv 15/2, Humanitäres Völkerrecht in bewaffneten Konflikten – Handbuch, August 1992, § 457.
In 2006, in a report produced in response to a request by the Parliamentary Control Panel (parliamentary body controlling intelligence services) regarding incidents relating to the Iraq war and the fight against international terrorism, Germany’s Federal Government stated:
2. Activities of the BND [Bundesnachrichtendienst – Foreign Intelligence Service] in connection with the Iraq war
e) Surrounding conditions and mission of the SET [Sonder-Einsatz-Team – Special Task Team, in Baghdad from February 2003]
Part of the mission of the SET was further:
- Generally, the collection of information in order to allow the Federal Government to gain an independent picture of the situation.
- Collection of GPS data, in order to prevent attacks against civilian installations protected under the international law of war (schools, hospitals, diplomatic institutions).
f) Mission of the SET
In the beginning, the focus of reporting from Baghdad was the identification and attribution of the embassies in Baghdad. The BND headquarters transferred this information to US authorities in order to prevent attacks on installations protected under the international law of war.
g) Development of the cooperation with US authorities
The US side placed requests for information concerning broadly diversified issues. Some of them were answered, also by using reports from the SET.
Those can thematically be classed as follows:
- Reports dealt with installations protected under the international law of war or with humanitarian concerns (embassies and consulates, synagogue/Torah scrolls, possible location of a missing US pilot). Some of these reports contained geographical coordinates.
Implementing the fundamental political position of the Federal Government, the following constraints for the exchange of information with the US side were given orally:
1. No support to the offensive strategic aerial warfare …
2. No transfer of information of direct relevance to the tactical air and land warfare of the coalition troops …
3. Support to the coalition troops in avoiding attacks on objects protected under the international law of war. 
Germany, Federal Government, Report in response to request by Parliamentary Control Panel (2006), 23 February 2006, pp. 5, 12, 13–14, 18 and 19–21.