Related Rule
Germany
Practice Relating to Rule 107. Spies
Section A. Definition of spies
Germany’s Military Manual (1992) defines spies as “persons who clandestinely or on false pretences, i.e. not wearing the uniform of their armed forces, gather information in the territory controlled by the adversary”. 
Germany, Humanitarian Law in Armed Conflicts – Manual, DSK VV207320067, edited by The Federal Ministry of Defence of the Federal Republic of Germany, VR II 3, August 1992, English translation of ZDv 15/2, Humanitäres Völkerrecht in bewaffneten KonfliktenHandbuch, August 1992, § 321.