Practice Relating to Rule 144. Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law Erga Omnes
In 2009, in a statement before the Fourth Committee of the UN General Assembly on the report of the special committee to investigate Israeli practices affecting the human rights of the Palestinian people and other Arabs of the occupied territories, the representative of Cuba stated:
Cuba condemns the prolonged Israeli military occupation of the Occupied Palestinian Territory since 1967 and expresses grave concern over the impunity with which Israel has acted and continues to act, in particular after the military aggression “Cast Lead”, carried out against the inhabitants of Gaza at the end of 2008 and beginning of this year.
Cuba reaffirms that all the measures and actions taken or to be taken by Israel, the Occupying Power, to alter the legal, physical and demographic status of the occupied Syrian Golan and its institutional structure or to impose its jurisdiction and administration there are null and void and have no legal effect. We reaffirm that all these measures and actions, including the illegal construction and expansion of Israeli settlements in the Syrian Golan since 1967, constitute violations of international law, international agreements, the Charter and resolutions of the United Nations. Cuba demands that Israel abides by resolution 497 (1981) and withdraws completely from occupied Syrian Golan to the borders of 4 June 1967.
In 2010, in a statement before the Fourth Committee of the UN General Assembly on the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, the representative of Cuba stated:
Cuba considers it unjustifiable that the Palestinian people continue to suffer under the long and brutal Israeli military occupation of their land since 1967 and continue to be denied fundamental human rights …
It is disquieting to see the tragic worsening in the political, economic, social and humanitarian situation in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, as a result of the incessant illegal policies and practices carried out by Israel, the Occupying Power, against the Palestinian people.
This year, following the criminal attack committed by the special forces of the Israeli Army, in the early morning of 31 May, against a flotilla of ships that were in international waters and were carrying humanitarian aid to the Palestinian people living in the Gaza Strip, Cuba called on the international community to request the Israeli authorities to immediately lift the illegal, ruthless and genocidal blockade against the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip.
In 2010, in a statement before the UN General Assembly on the Palestinian question, the ambassador and permanent representative of Cuba stated:
The Occupying Power continues its intensive colonization activities, such as the ongoing practice of confiscating large tracts of land, the construction and extension of Israeli settlements and the construction of the Wall.
… These activities are aimed at modifying the demographic composition, character and nature of the Palestinian lands, annexing them de facto by means of confiscating large areas [of territory].
Cuba condemns those policies and practices, which violate international law, including the Fourth Geneva Convention, United Nations resolutions and the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice, and we insist that Israel immediately end all of these illegal practices.