Related Rule
Cuba
Practice Relating to Rule 136. Recruitment of Child Soldiers
In 2009, in its second periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Cuba stated:
62. Law 75/94 (National Defence Act) and Decree-Law 224/2001 (dealing with military service) provide that in the year male citizens turn 16 they are obliged to come forward and formally enrol in the military register. T[hey] [t]hen begin the preparation, specialist military training and prevention, care and medical activities that are the prelude to recruitment.
64. These laws also establish that the minimum age for call-up to military service is 18, while people wishing to enlist voluntarily in the armed forces must wait until the year of their seventeenth birthday. …
65. Adolescents have the option of working out their term of military service by performing duties of other kinds, which may be economic or social in character. 
Cuba, Second periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 5 May 2010, UN Doc. CRC/C/CUB/2, submitted 2 February 2009, §§ 62 and 64–65; see also §§ 488–490.