Practice Relating to Rule 78. Exploding Bullets
Colombia’s Operational Law Manual (2009) states:
4. Rules for the conduct of hostilities
c. Restrictions on the means and methods
The means and methods of warfare that can be used are limited. Weapons that cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering are prohibited. The general principles on the use of weapons establish that “the use of means and methods of warfare which are of a nature to cause superfluous injury or unnecessary suffering is prohibited”. Likewise, “the use of weapons which are by nature indiscriminate is prohibited”.
In this sense, the use of the following weapons is prohibited:
- exploding bullets[.]
[footnotes in original omitted]
In 1975, during discussions in the Ad Hoc Committee on Conventional Weapons established by the CDDH, Colombia stated that “high-velocity small-calibre projectiles … were indeed comparable to exploding bullets” and should be prohibited.