Related Rule
Colombia
Practice Relating to Rule 154. Obedience to Superior Orders
In a case relating to conscientious objection in 1992, the Colombian Constitutional Court considered that a superior’s order that would consist of occasioning death outside combat would clearly lead to a violation of human rights and of the Constitution. As such it should be disobeyed. 
Colombia, Constitutional Court, Constitutional Case No. T-409, Judgment, 8 June 1992.
In another case in 1995, in which the Court was examining the constitutionality of a military regulation that provided that a subaltern was obliged to obey a superior’s order that he/she thought unlawful, if the order was confirmed in writing, the Court took the same approach. 
Colombia, Constitutional Court, Constitutional Case No. C-578, Judgment, 4 December 1995.
The Supreme Court of the Republic of Croatia, as the second instance court, concludes that the actions of the accused … satisfy all elements of the criminal offence of war crimes against civilians in violation of Article 120(1) of the BCCRC [Basic Criminal Code if the Republic of Croatia]. 
Croatia, Supreme court of the Republic of Croatia, M.L. case, Judgment, 6 May 2003, p. 5.