Practice Relating to Rule 134. Women
In 2007, in the Constitutional Case No. C-291/07, the Plenary Chamber of Colombia’s Constitutional Court stated:
Taking into account … the development of customary international humanitarian law applicable in internal armed conflicts, the Constitutional Court notes that the fundamental guarantees stemming from the principle of humanity, some of which have attained ius cogens
status, … [include] the obligation to protect the rights of women affected by armed conflict.
[footnote in original omitted]
Colombia’s Basic Military Manual (1995) states:
In these cases, the IHL rules favour especially the civilian population, so that the assistance and protection which the parties to the conflict shall bring are given in priority to the most vulnerable persons or groups of persons, who are: … pregnant women.