• 1
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilians and Combatants
  • 2
    Violence Aimed at Spreading Terror among the Civilian Population
  • 4
    Definition of Armed Forces
  • 6
    Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
  • 7
    The Principle of Distinction between Civilian Objects and Military Objectives
  • 11
    Indiscriminate Attacks
  • 15
    Principle of Precautions in Attack
  • 20
    Advance Warning
  • 22
    Principle of Precautions against the Effects of Attacks
  • 25
    Medical Personnel
  • 27
    Religious Personnel
  • 28
    Medical Units
  • 30
    Persons and Objects Displaying the Distinctive Emblem
  • 31
    Humanitarian Relief Personnel
  • 32
    Humanitarian Relief Objects
  • 33
    Personnel and Objects Involved in a Peacekeeping Mission
  • 37
    Open Towns and Non-Defended Localities
  • 38
    Attacks Against Cultural Property
  • 40
    Respect for Cultural Property
  • 42
    Works and Installations Containing Dangerous Forces
  • 44
    Due Regard for the Natural Environment in Military Operations
  • 46
    Orders or Threats that No Quarter Will Be Given
  • 50
    Destruction and Seizure of Property of an Adversary
  • 51
    Public and Private Property in Occupied Territory
  • 52
    Pillage
  • 53
    Starvation as a Method of Warfare
  • 55
    Access for Humanitarian Relief to Civilians in Need
  • 58
    Improper Use of the White Flag of Truce
  • 59
    Improper Use of the Distinctive Emblems of the Geneva Conventions
  • 62
    Improper Use of the Flags or Military Emblems, Insignia or Uniforms of the Adversary
  • 64
    Conclusion of an Agreement to Suspend Combat with the Intention of Attacking by Surprise the Adversary Relying on it
  • 66
    Non-Hostile Contacts between the Parties to Conflict
  • 67
    Inviolability of Parlementaires
  • 70
    Weapons of a Nature to Cause Superfluous Injury or Unnecessary Suffering
  • 71
    Weapons That Are by Nature Indiscriminate
  • 72
    Poison
  • Nuclear Weapons
  • 73
    Biological Weapons
  • 74
    Chemical Weapons
  • 76
    Herbicides
  • 80
    Booby-Traps
  • 81
    Restrictions on the Use of Landmines
  • Prohibition of Certain Types of Landmines
  • 82
    Recording of the Placement of Landmines
  • 83
    Removal or Neutralization of Landmines
  • 85
    The Use of Incendiary Weapons against Combatants
  • 86
    Blinding Laser Weapons
  • 87
    Humane Treatment
  • 88
    Non-Discrimination
  • 89
    Violence to Life
  • 90
    Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
  • 91
    Corporal Punishment
  • 93
    Rape and Other forms of Sexual Violence
  • 94
    Slavery and Slave Trade
  • 95
    Forced Labour
  • 96
    Hostage-Taking
  • 99
    Deprivation of Liberty
  • 100
    Fair Trial Guarantees
  • 101
    The Principle of Legality
  • 103
    Collective Punishments
  • 104
    Respect for Convictions and Religious Practices
  • 108
    Mercenaries
  • 109
    Search for, Collection and Evacuation of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 110
    Treatment and Care of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked
  • 120
    Accommodation for Children Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 123
    Recording and Notification of Personal Details of Persons Deprived of their Liberty
  • 128
    Release and Return of Persons Deprived of Their Liberty
  • 129
    The Act of Displacement
  • 134
    Women
  • 135
    Children
  • 136
    Recruitment of Child Soldiers
  • 137
    Participation of Child Soldiers in Hostilities
  • 139
    Respect for International Humanitarian Law
  • 142
    Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
  • 143
    Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law among the Civilian Population
  • 144
    Ensuring Respect for International Humanitarian Law Erga Omnes
  • 145
    Reprisals
  • 146
    Reprisals against Protected Persons
  • 149
    Responsibility for violations of International Humanitarian Law
  • 150
    Reparation
  • 151
    Individual Responsibility
  • 156
    Definition of War Crimes
  • 158
    Prosecution of War Crimes
  • 159
    Amnesty
  • 161
    International Cooperation in Criminal Proceedings