Practice Relating to Rule 34. Journalists
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (1992) provides: “Journalists carrying out an assignment in a zone of hostilities fall into the category of [civilians].”
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (2006), under the heading “The Journalist”, states: “He is considered a civilian whilst gathering information in the combat zone. He must refrain from undertaking any action that compromises his status as a civilian, to which he owes his general protection.”
The manual also states:
The war correspondent … is accredited by his military commander. He is integrated into the Armed Forces, wears a uniform and possibly a distinctive sign which makes it possible to recognize him [as a war correspondent]. In case of capture, he is considered as prisoner of war.
The manual further states: “If war correspondents are wounded, sick or shipwrecked, they equally benefit from the protection granted to combatants”.