Related Rule
Chile
Practice Relating to Rule 158. Prosecution of War Crimes
Chile’s Code of Military Justice (1925), under the heading “Offences against international law”, provides, inter alia, for the punishment of certain war crimes. 
Chile, Code of Military Justice, 1925, Articles 261–264.
In its judgment in the Pedro Poblete Córdova case in 1998, Chile’s Supreme Court stated:
Article 146 … [of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV] sets out the obligation of Contracting States to enact any legislation necessary to establish the appropriate penal sanctions to apply to persons who commit or order the commission of any of the grave breaches specified in the Convention; these States are also obliged to search for these persons and to bring them before their own courts and to take all measures necessary for the suppression of all acts contrary to the provisions of the Convention. 
Chile, Supreme Court, Pedro Poblete Córdova case, Case No. 469-98, Judgment, 9 September 1998, § 9.
In its judgment in the Contreras Sepúlveda case in 2004, Chile’s Supreme Court stated:
Article 146 of … [the 1949 Geneva Convention IV] sets out the obligation of Contracting States to enact any legislation necessary to establish the appropriate penal sanctions to apply to persons who commit or order the commission of any of the grave breaches specified in the Convention; these States are also obliged to search for these persons and to bring them before their own courts and to take all measures necessary for the suppression of all acts contrary to the provisions of the Convention. 
Chile, Supreme Court, Second Chamber, Contreras Sepúlveda case, Case No. 2182-98, Judgment, 17 November 2004, § 34.
In its judgment in the Episode of San Javier case in 2006, Chile’s Court of Appeals of Santiago stated:
Article 146 … [of the 1949 Geneva Convention IV] stipulates the obligation of its parties to enact any legislation necessary to establish the appropriate penal sanctions to apply to persons who commit or order the commission of any of the grave breaches specified in the Convention. Likewise, the states parties are obliged to search for these persons and to bring them before their own tribunals and to take all measures necessary for the suppression of all acts contrary to the Convention. 
Chile, Court of Appeal of Santiago, Eighth Chamber, Episode of San Javier case, Case No. 2.182-1998, Judgment, 27 July 2007, § 12.
In its decision on annulment in the Víctor Raúl Pinto case in 2007, Chile’s Supreme Court stated:
Article 146 of … [the 1949 Geneva Convention IV] sets out the obligation of Contracting States to enact any legislation necessary to establish the appropriate penal sanctions to apply to persons who commit or order the commission of any of the grave breaches specified in the Convention; these States are also obliged to search for these persons and to bring them before their own courts and to take all measures necessary for the suppression of all acts contrary to the provisions of the Convention. 
Chile, Supreme Court, Criminal Law Chamber, Víctor Raúl Pinto case, Case No. 3125-04, Decision on Annulment, 13 March 2007, § 16.