Practice Relating to Rule 87
Section D. Persons deprived of their liberty
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in book I (basic instruction):
I.1 Basic rules
[Basic Rule No. 6]:
Treat humanely all civilian persons and all enemies who are in your power.
[Basic rule No. 7]:
Treat prisoners humanely.
- Every person
- must respect the life and dignity of others.
I.2 Specific rules
Enemy combatant prisoners
4. Treat them humanely.
In book III, volume 1 (instruction of first-year trainee officers), the Teaching Manual provides: “Persons hors de combat
, such as … prisoners of war and other persons captured and detained, must be identified as such and treated humanely.”
In book IV (instruction of heads of division and company commanders), the Teaching Manual provides:
Chapter 1. Reminder of the law of war
II.6. Humane treatment and non-discrimination
All persons must be treated humanely and must not be made the object of any discrimination based on sex, nationality, race, religion or political convictions.
Example: detention conditions must be tolerable, according to the level of development of the country.
Chapter 5. Prisoners of war
I.1.1. Persons entitled to POW [prisoner-of-war] status
In the case of non-international armed conflicts, one talks of persons deprived of liberty or detained. Nevertheless, these persons shall benefit from humane treatment.
I.3.4. Norms relating to treatment
All detained persons, whatever their status, shall in all circumstances be treated humanely.
II.2.1. Humane treatment obligatory
Prisoners of war shall at all times be treated humanely and protected, particularly against any act of violence or intimidation, against insults and public curiosity.